Summary: Putnam FW. "Trauma models of the effects of childhood maltreatment," Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma 2(1): 51-66. 1998.

This article considers the various models that researchers and clinicians have developed to account for the psychological effects of child maltreatment. While there are a number off models that have been proposed-including ones that draw on psychoanalytic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic theory-the model that currently holds sway is that of posttraumatic stress disorder or PTSD. Putnam considers the utility of applying to children a model that was derived from adults. He discusses how the criteria used to diagnose PTSD are applied to children and notes that many of the symptoms that often occur in maltreated children do not fit the PTSD model. He recommends a reconceptualization of the model in order to account for these differences in children.